Vermont's Permaculture Institute
Tag Archives: Farm Permaculture
Hands on- Fruit and Nut Tree Pruning
A day long exploration of the science and practice of ecological tree crop management for diverse yields.
Willow Crossing Farm
SUNDAY, March 31
10 am – 4 pm
Join Tree Farmer Keith Morris for a day of hands-on practice with fruit and nut tree pruning, in a diverse permaculture forest garden setting. Spend the morning in the large yurt learning the science and ecology of how trees lose limbs and ‘heal’, and explore the deep traditions of how humans beings observe and interact with this phenomenon.
We’ll synthesize a variety of pruning ideas, strategies, and techniques to help you develop your own philosophy, understanding, and confidence to go out and work with trees in your landscape in a regenerative and yielding way. After lunch and some hot cider we’ll go outside to explore one of VT’s oldest permaculture designed food forests- a reforestation of old pasture and hayfield in the floodplain of the Lamoille River.
We’ll briefly tour ‘Productive Buffers’, wildlife corridors, and stop to work in zones of Plums, Apples, Peaches, Pears, Berries, Vines, Hazelnuts, Walnuts, and more– driven by the group’s interest, and discussing pruning techniques for trees both young and old. We’ll look at and evaluate previous years of pruning decisions and ensuing consequences, and explore some natural tree injuries and healing responses, helping participants to better understand the implications of our pruning decisions over varying periods of time. We’ll finish the day practicing with different tools to cut wood cleanly- with an eye towards maximizing production, fruit quality, ease of future maintenance, and minimizing pest and disease pressure. We’ll also set the stage for top-working, multi-variety grafting, species changes (i.e.. Peaches on Plum roots), and other forms of propagation. In preparation for our April 7 Grafting Workshop and Scionwood Exchange We’ll also prune mature, bearing Hazelnuts and manage black locust, walnut, butternut/ buartnut, pecans, and more for nuts, firewood, high-value lumber, succession, aesthetics, and other long-term aims.
We’ll pass around, demonstrate, and allow you to trial favorite tools, including pruners, saws, pole saws, etc.; speak to their selection and maintenance, and discuss hygienic practices to promote orchard health and reduce cross-contamination.
This workshop kicks off our series for 2018!
Please enter your email in the box on the right hand side of the page, or ‘like’ us on Facebook to get the calendar and details for our other offerings such as: fruit tree grafting (April 7), nursery plant sale, natural beekeeping workshop, nut production, diverse understory planting, spring development for gravity fed irrigation, natural building, compost heat, season extension, earth oven construction, stone masonry, and more. Our Nursery Plant Sale pre-orders are open now, with plant pick ups scheduled to begin April 23.
Our 2018 Permaculture Design Certification Course will be offered July 22- August 3, and they are filling quickly. Applications for our Advanced Permaculture Design / Build /Grow / Teach internship, and APDC guided portfolio development will now be accepted on a rolling basis!
Event is $40-60 suggested donation/ sliding scale, including warm or cold cider during lunch and a round of hard cider tasting (21 and over) afterwards. No one will be refused for lack of funds.
*We are looking for photographers or videographers to help document the event, or create a short educational video.*
Please pre-register, and dress to spend the day outdoors.
We’ll need your email address if you’re planning on coming because the weather will determine where we’ll have people park. Feel free to bring your *clean, sterile, and sharp* pruners and saws.
Keith Morris has been collecting and experimenting with rare fruit and nut trees for 20 years, and teaches ecological design throughout the northeast. He has worked to help create resilient, diverse, socially just, and economically viable food systems around the world since 1996. Please spread the word to potentially interested friends and networks. Thank you for your support of our work!
Thanks, Keith and Crew Willow Crossing Farm www.willowcrossing.org
For rideshares, conversation, or sharing with facebook friends- please visit the event page here: https://www.facebook.com/events/270680720016950/
You can view some photos from last years event HERE.
Hello and Happy Spring!
2018 List Coming soon! Please feel free to make reservations or requests!
We’re happy to (finally) announce the plants we’ll have available this year- please get your order in ASAP as quantities are limited- apologies for our delay in getting this out! Please inquire about ‘bulk’ pricing (10 or more plants in any combination) or ‘wholesale pricing’ (10 or more of the same plant/ variety). This are great for folks establishing hedgerows, windbreaks, shelterbelts, orchards, vineyards, or looking to begin commercial production of these Vermont-proven fruits, nuts, berries, and vines. Wholesale quantities are limited to only some of our plants.
BARE ROOT is a naked tree and wants to be planted as soon as possible, prices are determined by size (diameter caliper or length) and rarity of tree or variety. Please arrange pickup as soon as possible.
POTS are ONE GALLON and $20 EACH unless otherwise stated. They would love to be planted into their permanent home sooner than later but can ‘hang out’ for several weeks if necessary.
Please reserve your quantities ASAP, as we imagine most of these will sell out quickly.
Plants are available for pickup BY APPOINTMENT- I may be delivering some plants into Burlington, some are at the farm, some are in cold storage downtown Jeffersonville- so please call or email to confirm availability and arrange a time and ensure the right location to get your plants.
SUNDAY MAY 7 we will host a farm tour, and then a ‘urban homestead/ apothecary’ tour downtown Jeffersonville, where folks can view mature examples of the plants we’ll have for sale, Pine Nuts, Hazels, and Currants will be available for pickup, fruit trees and other pots will be available after this Monday May 8. Stay tuned for details- I will continually update this page with availability.
We’ll announce more ‘open hours’ for plant pick-ups soon, and are usually available by phone or email to make an appointment to meet for a plant pick up.
We will try to hold trees, but without cash in hand there are no guarantees- first come first served, especially with bare root as we want them planted asap. Feel free to PayPal or Facebook Messenger money for a guaranteed reservation.
This is the earliest of all nut trees to bear nuts. One of our favorites for a future crop in VT, now well into production here at Willow Crossing, these multi-stemmed trees will begin to bear nuts in as little as 3 years from planting. They also make nice hedges, living fences, privacy screens, or snow fence, and have attractive fall foliage.
Selected Seedlings (bare root): $15
Pollen-Controlled Cross (bare root): $20
We finally are able to release some of our favorite trees for an evergreen windbreak- the producers of PINENUTS. Almost all Pinenuts in the supermarket are Korean Pinenuts grown in China. A beautiful tree with whorls of dark-green needles, this very hardy Pine is an attractive and stately tree planted singly or in groups. Its large and tasty nuts are gathered in Korea and eastern Russia and are greatly prized for their rich flavor, nutritional value, and high economic worth.
Bare Root: $15 One Gallon Pots: $20 8′ + Trees: $500
BLACK WALNUTS- The most valuable lumber tree in the the northeastern forest, and long-lived producer of delicious nuts. Mature trees can be tapped for syrup, a favorite for silvopasture design. Not recommended near areas where tomatoes or potatoes are grown. Proven VT Hardy
3-4′ Bare Root Tree $20
BUTTERHEART (BUARTNUT)- A disease resistant hybrid of Heartnut with our native endangered Butternut- this beautiful specimen tree exhibits ‘hybrid vigor’ once rooted, and bears tremendous amounts of delicious nuts. Come by the farm to see one flowering this spring. Proven VT Hardy
4-5′ Bare Root Tree $25
CARPATHIAN/ MANREGION WALNUT- SOLD OUT Please write to express interest, as there may be some left over.
HARDY KIWIS- Hardy, Fuzzless, and even Sweeter! One Gallon Pots $20
-KEN”S RED- This delicious female cultivar bears abundant crops of grape-sized, red skinned ,and red fleshed fruit. Requires male for pollination.
-74/49- A favorite variety for ‘kiwi berry’ production- this female cultivars bears heavy crops of large green and deliciously flavored fruit. Requires male.
-‘ANDREY’ MALE- An extra hardy Russian male, suitable to pollinate all female Hardy Kiwis. 1 male needed for every 8 females, depending on pattern. Optimal pollination with 1 male for every 5 females.
This attractive and very hardy perennial vine features abundant, showy, pinkish purple flowers from July until frost. Following the flowers are greenish yellow fruit with the delicious and sprightly taste of tropical Passionfruit. Can be experimented with as a ‘dieback perennial’, but we take ours inside for the winter. Self Fertile
One Gallon Pots $20
‘LAPINS’ CHERRY- 5/8″ dia. Bare Root Trees $25
Very large, dark purple, delicious and self-fertile, Lapins is one of the best
Cherries available. From brilliant white blossoms to the dark red fruit to beautiful foliage in fall, this tree provides multi-seaon interest. Introduced by Dr. Lapins at the Summerland Research Station in British Columbia, Canada, Lapins is a favorite with commercial growers. Lapins is also an easy to grow and very productive variety for the home gardener.
‘SPITZENBERG’ APPLE- 5/8″ dia. Bare Root Trees $25
An attractive, bright red fruit heirloom with crisp, aromatic flesh and rich
sweet-tart flavor, Spitzenberg is reputed to be Thomas Jefferson’s favorite apple. Great eaten fresh and in baked goods, Spitzenberg also makes tasty cider. Spitzenberg ripens in early to mid October and stores well until spring. Semi-dwarf 12-16′
‘WINECRISP’ APPLE- 5/8″ dia. Bare Root Trees $25
This beautiful, deep red patented variety is receiving rave reviews from all who try it. WineCrisp™ fruit is large, sweet, firm, juicy and full of flavor. The tree is totally free of Apple Scab and resistant to most other Apple diseases. Recently introduced from a long-term university breeding program, this very productive variety ripens in late September and can be stored for several months. Semi-Dwarf Rootstock 12-16′
‘GREEN GAGE’ PLUM- 3/4″ dia. Bare Root Trees $30
The standard for plum quality since the 17th century, Green Gage Plum is one of a group of classic and highly prized European Plum varieties. Green Gage bears large crops of yellowish green, juicy, firm and tender, oval fruit . Very sweet and richly flavorful, Green Gage is great for fresh eating, baking, preserves, and canning.
‘SUNFLOWER’ PAWPAW- One Gallon Pots $25
The largest fruit native to north america! One of our most popular and reliable varieties, Sunflower Pawpaw bears good crops of very large, sweet and delicious fruit. Sunflower won First Prize at the 2010 Ohio Pawpaw Festival. Experimental in the colder parts of VT.
‘VERN’S BROWN TURKEY’ FIG- One Gallon Pots $20
To distinguish this variety from less reliable varieties also called Brown
Turkey, its named after garden writer Vern Nelson. Vern’s Brown Turkey has proven itself a reliable and productive variety. It bears large, sweet and flavorful, dark brown figs with light amber flesh, often producing two crops a year.
‘JOSTABERRY’ BLACK CURRANT x GOOSEBERRY- 3-4′ Bare Root Shrubs $20
A unique cross of Gooseberry and Black Currant, Jostaberry is the most vigorous of all our Currant varieties. A very disease resistant and easy to grow small shrub, Jostaberry produces very large, jet black, sweet-tart fruit, high in Vitamin C and good for fresh eating and excellent for jams and jellies.
‘UKRAINE’ HIGH BUSH CRANBERRY- 2-3′ Bare Root Shrubs $20
This valuable and attractive shrub is prized for its medicinal properties, fruit, and ornamental value. Ukraine™ Highbush Cranberry features large clusters of snow-white flowers in the spring followed in September by bright red berries and striking reddish orange foliage. After frost removes their bitterness, the berries are used for preserves, candy and baked goods. The flowers, fruit and seeds are used in herbal medicine as a fever reducer, to lower blood pressure and treat heart disease. Ukraine™ was selected for its abundant crops of high quality fruit and its colorful, orange-red fall foliage. It often begins bearing the 2nd year after planting.
‘VIKING’ ARONIA- One Gallon Pots $20
An attractive, vigorous, and productive small shrub, Viking Aronia is a popular commercial variety in Europe. Viking bears abundant crops of large,almost black berries which make tasty and nutritious juice, wine, and ‘raisins’. Viking’s lustrous, dark green foliage turns a beautiful fire-engine red in the fall.
HONEYBERRIES / HASKAPS:
A very hardy and unique small shrub, Honeyberry is an edible species of Honeysuckle with sweet and tasty fruit- presently being developed as a commercial crop through the coldest parts of the world. Valued for its tasty, blueberry-like fruit, its extremely early ripening, often two weeks before strawberries, and its exceptional hardiness, to minus 40 degrees F., or below. Great for fresh eating, juicing, and preserves. Has approximately 5x the anti-oxidants of blueberries!
1-2′ Bare Root Shrubs $20 ‘BLUE VELVET’ and ‘BLUE MOON’
MULLBERRIES– bare root $15 more details soon
BLUEBERRIES– All of our blueberries this year are coming from collaboration with our good friends and neighbors at Johnson’s Waterman Orchards. They are ERICOID INNOCULATED– a fungal symbiont on blueberries.
NELSON and BLUERAY: Bare root 18-30″ with well-developed root systems $20
BLUECROP and BLUEJAY: Potted, 24-40″, bearing age $45
ELDERBERRIES: ‘BERRY HILL’ and ‘COOMER’ 1 gallon pots $20
BLACK LOCUST: 3-4′ Bare Root $15
SIBERIAN PEA SHRUB:
GINGER STARTS! Will be available later this spring- reserve now $5/ plant.
LOOKING FOR SOMETHING ELSE? Let us know- we have more than is listed here.
This page will contantly be updated this spring. I have – white and red currants, northern pecans, hickories, chinese chestnuts, saskatoons (serviceberries) all getting graded and priced this coming week.
HOW TO ORDER? The best way to order or ask questions is to send an email to KEITH@PROSPECTROCK.ORG.
– ALL PROCEEDS SUPPORT ECOLOGICAL REGENERATION –
A reminder- we have just a few spaces left in our 10th ANNUAL FARM AND WILDERNESS IMMERSION PERMACULTURE DESIGN CERTIFICATION and full scholarships available for income-eligible Vermont State Residents.
MEDICINE WOMYN RETREAT AUGUST 5-6 http://www.MedicineWomyn.org
SAPLINGS AND SEEDLINGS KIDS FARM/ NATURE/ YOGA Starts JUNE
THANK YOU FOR SUPPORTING OUR FAMILY FARM and SHARING THIS!
The information below is from previous years- these varieties and MANY MORE are available for pre-order with plant pick ups beginning April 23 for the 2016 season.
Please add your email to the box on the right and confirm your subscription (‘Following Blog’).
We will have a large variety of select fruits, nuts, berries, and vines proven in the Lamoille Valley of Northern Vermont. At this time, we do not ship plants. Plants area available for pickup at the farm in Johnson, VT or our barn in Jeffersonville, VT starting Earth Day- April 22, 2015, and celebrating with Special Events for International Permaculture Day- May 3, 2015.
Please send an email with specific requests- especially if you are looking for wholesale/ orchard/ production/ hedgerow quantities. Plants are available in bundles of 10 of the same variety for wholesale or farm production planting pricing.
Available as Bare-Root Plants Picked up in Northern Vermont:
Apples Pears Walnuts Hazelnuts Chestnuts Hickories and Pecans Currants and other Ribes Kiwis Sea Berries and other N Fixers Strawberries Asparagus Hops Plums Cherries Peaches and Apricots Hops Medicinal Herbs and Companion Plants Grapes Schisandra Tobacco Paw Paws Honey Berries
Please see below for some examples of the varieties we had for previous seasons. We should have all (or most) of these and are looking forward to introducing several more!
We have a limited number of plants.
Black Locusts ~2′ tall potted $20. The exceptionally fast growing Nitrogen Fixing Tree has delicious edible flowers loved by bees. Its also exceptionally rot resistant and hot burning fire-wood.
Aurora Pear ~6+’ tall grafted Fruit Tree, XL pot- $50
Grafted Paw Paws ~1′ tall in deep pots. ‘Pennsylvania Golden’ and ‘NC-1’ varieties.
$25 Various Nut Trees ~2′ tall in deep and/ or large pots. Walnuts, Hazelnuts, Carpathian Walnuts, Butternuts, Buartnuts $40 each! Sugar Maples ~5+’ tall potted trees
$30 Kiwis potted, assorted varieties
$25 Siberian Pea Shrub ~2-4′ tall potted trees. Beautiful N Fixer with edible flowers and small peas often used as chicken fodder and/ or living fence. Please stay tuned and follow the blog- our availability and pre-orders for spring 2015 will be announced soon!
(for reference only- most of these plants will be available for similar prices Spring 2015)
Hey All! Thanks everyone for your support of our most successful plant sale to date! By last count we’ve helped place several hundred fruits, nuts, berries, vines, and other useful plants throughout the northeast just this spring! All plants are available for pickup ASAP in Jeffersonville, VT or at Willow Crossing Farm by appointment, unless otherwise noted. All trees are potted in organic compost potting mix. For the best prices on trees, please subscribe for details about our late April / early May Bare Root Plant Sales. We still have nice, well branched PIXWELL GOOSEBERRIES $20/ plant- make a small deliciously fruiting, mildly thorny hedge around your garden to keep the critters back! SIBERIAN PEA SHRUB- One of our favorite Nitrogen Fixers, this plant feeds bees, has delicious edible flowers (for people), and its small edible peas are traditionally grown as a chicken feed. $20/ Plant CONSTORT BLACK CURRANT- widely adaptable, shade-fruiting, delicious- White Pine Blister Rust immune- yum! $20/ Plant HYBRID HAZELS- One of our favorites for a future crop in VT, now well into production here at Willow Crossing, these multi-stemmed trees will begin to bear nuts in as little as 3 years from planting. They also make nice hedges, living fences, privacy screens, or snow fence. $30/ tree. (Available for Pickup this weekend by appointment). SILVER MAPLES- 3-4′ bare root trees. Stately! $15/ Plant SOLD OUT SUGAR MAPLES- 4-5′ bare root trees. The classic! $25/ Plant LODI GREEN APPLE- 3/4″ truck caliper (over 6′ tall) bare root trees- $30/ plant SOLD OUT NIJISEIKI ASIAN PEAR- 3/4″ truck diameter (~5′ plant) bare root- $30/ Plant. SOLD OUT AURORA RED BLUSHED PEAR- 3/4″ truck diameter (over 6′ tall)- $50/ Plant. ONE LEFT- BIG TREE! BLACK LOCUST- 18″- Permaculture stacking function ‘superhero’: the fastest growing, most rot resistant, hottest burning, thorny, Nitrogen Fixing, bee-supporting, edible flowers. $20/ Plant
WATERMAN BERRY FARM ERICOID MYCORRHIZA INNOCULATED MATURE BLUEBERRIES magic mushrooms for blueberry roots! MEADER, BLUE GLOD, ELLIOT $35/ Large Potted Plant CONCORD GRAPES– The classic hardy blue grape known for its vigor and disease resistance, and delicious fresh grapes, juices, wine, jams, and preserves. $20/ pot BLACK WALNUTS- 2-3′ bare root trees. $30 BUTTERNUTS- 12-18″ bare root trees- $25 *CARPATHIAN/ ENGLISH WALNUTS- 2-3′ bare root trees, $40 XANTHOCERAS- 3-4′ bare root trees, $25 SOLD OUT Still just a few potted: KIWIS, SEA BERRIES, ARONIA, ROSES, ARTICHOKES, and some VIKING ASPARAGUS! More details on the plant sale are available here. If you want something left bare root for you let us know! Thanks so much! Keith, Family, and Crew Only a few spaces remain in this summer’s Permaculture Design Certification Course, and we’re able to offer full scholarships to income eligible Vermonters and Women Farmers. Two spaces will be reserved for ‘second PDC’ students looking to deepen their practice and experience. Happy spring- get planting!
Hardy Organic Nuts for Farms and Yards
Saturday, February 15, 2014
Our 2014 Summer Permaculture Design Certification (July 20 – August 1) is filling fast- please be in touch if you would like to reserve your space!
This is Vermont’s oldest independent Permaculture Design Certification Course, with the most highly regarded PDC and teaching team in the Northeast. Prospect Rock Permaculture has largest body of PDC alumni/ graduates in the North America! We hope you can join us.
Its almost full!
With the Happiest Wishes for your New Year, and Warm Winter Blessings,
The Prospect Rock Permaculture Family and Crew
Welcome! -Please be patient as our website is under construction.
We apologize for any dead links or blank pages- feel free to enjoy what is up, and check back soon as we continue to revise and add content.
Be in touch via comment or email if there’s anything in particular you’re looking for and can’t find online.
We welcome your feedback and suggestions as we reformat our online presence.
Stay tuned for more photos, video, and designs coming up soon!
Prospect Rock Permaculture is a growing edible forest garden, ecological homestead, and education center in Johnson along the Lamoille River. We combine reforestation, wildlife refuge, and ecological restoration with food production and community building, while educating about and experimenting with sustainable techniques and ways of building. We grow seed with High Mowing Organic Seeds, keep bees and wild craft medicinal plants for Honey Gardens Apiaries, grow fruits, nuts, and berries with Elmore Roots Nursery, and also work researching and educating about biodiesel. Be in touch for updates about classes, workshops, tours, and internship or apprentice opportunities.